Birding Pal Tours in Mongolia

"Mongolica arranges all the birdwatching tours for Mongolian Ornithological Society and the money from the tours goes to bird conservation, research and new generation's education."

FOUR BIRDING PAL FIXED DATE TOURS
TOUR I
EASTERN MONGOLIAN BIRD SPECIALTIES AND CRANES (16 Days)

Birding Pal Group Tour May 25 to June 11


Bird Watching And Photography Tour From Siberian Taiga Forest To Vast Grassland Steppe In Eastern Mongolia
Reed Parrotbill
Reed Parrotbill
© Mongolica


 
TOUR II
MONGOLIA BIRDING IN SIBERIAN FOREST AND GOBI DESERT (12 Days)

Birding Pal Group Tour June 15 to 27
Mongolia Bird Watching And Photographing Tours For White-Naped Crane, Mongolian Accentor, Henderson’s Ground Jay And Altai Snowcock From Siberian Taiga To The Gobi Desert

White-headed Duck
© Mongolica


 
TOUR III WESTERN MONGOLIAN BIRDS (13 Days) Birding Pal Group Tour June 12 to June 25 Bird Watching And Photography Tour From Largest Freshwater Lakes To Mongolian Altai Mountain In The Western Mongolia
Saker Falcon
© Mongolica


 
TOUR IV RAPTOR WATCHING TOUR IN MONGOLIA (8 Days) Birding Pal Group Tours May to Sept
Raptor Watching And Photography Tour From Siberian Taiga Through Central Asian Steppe In Mongolia

Upland Buzzard
© Mongolica



Mongolica

In the summer of 2005, we launched Mongolica Co.Ltd with the vision of developing authentic products and services for bird and wildlife watching adventures and consultancy in a responsible and sustainable manner. Our efforts in sustainability as an organization reflect our commitment to the idea that our children and grandchildren will have a wonderful natural environment to explore throughout their lives. Our team comprises some of the most experienced experts in the field.

We are confident our inspiring tours and services will ensure our clients have the best possible stay in Mongolia, experiencing the traditional nomadic lifestyle in a sustainable manner.

Our passion is ensuring you get behind the scenes to be part of a genuinely fantastic wildlife experience. Preserving cultural heritage and conserving the natural environment, whilst improving the lives of local people, is the essence of our way of travelling with you and is integrated into every decision and action we take at Mongolica Co.Ltd.


OUR PHILOSOPHY



o The development of Responsible and Sustainable Bird and Wildlife Watching and Photography Tours and Expeditions in Mongolia with our customers is the key point of our philosophy.

o We believe we can provide products and services of the highest standard in tours for our clients. With knowledgable, friendly crew and guides, we are confident our guests will enjoy unforgettable experiences of both Mongolia’s amazing wildlife and culture. o Our philosophy of travel is to respect nature and those who depend upon it, particularly the local people who make Mongolia such a unique and special place. We ensure that our travel has minimum impact on wildlife, nature and environment, and the local nomadic lifestyle.

o Our philosophy of responsible tourism is to support nature and bird research, conservation and education initiatives, local communities and NGOs in the areas that we visit.

More at www.Mongolica.org

Your participation in a Mongolica tour supports education, research and conservation actions of Mongolian Ornithological Society.
More at www.MOS.mn


On Our Website




SPECIAL BIRDING TOURS
5 tours

We offer personal, tailor made tours suited to keen individuals or small groups enabling you to fully enjoy the unique experience of Mongolian Steppe and Gobi Desert.


TRUE BIRDING TOURS
8 tours

You can see various special birds in different natural habitats during these trips driving through natural landscapes, from Siberian Taiga Forest through Steppe to Gobi Desert and High Mountain, in the country made famous by the Great Chinggis Khaan.


BIRDING & NOMADIC CULTURAL TOURS
4 tours

Mongolia is a well-known destination for birding and as a place to experience a genuine nomadic lifestyle. We give great and inspiring opportunities to our clients for birding and visiting families with varying cultural traditions throughout numerous habitats in the country.


TAILOR MADE TOURS
13 tours

Mongolica offers sustainable and responsible tours and trips to our clients giving a chance to experience nomadic lifestyle in order to foster well-beings of nomadic people in the country. Because they move into different natural habitats over seasons, nomads have various methods and techniques to deal with natural tasks. Experience nomadic lifestyle with us.


PHOTOGRAPY AND FLIMING TOURS
3 tours

Wildlife Watching and Photography Tours require very specific knowledge. Our experts are very much experienced working with vertebrates including amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals of Mongolia. These tours will give you the best opportunities to watch and photograph many different species of wildlife in different habitats whilst experiencing the unique nomadic lifestyle of Mongolia.


LUXURY BIRDING TOUR
1 tour

Experiencing the fascinating birdlife, untouched landscapes and true nomadic life- style with excellent food and accommodation for your travel will be our first priority in Mongolia. Our team of experienced conservation experts are sure you will come away some fantastic memories of this incredible land.

More at www.mongolica.org



Natural zones:
Mongolia possesses a great range of landscapes and habitats: Lush taiga in the north, a mosaic of steppe and coniferous forests in the north and centre, endless seas of grass in the east and dry desert-steppe and desert in the south.

In addition, there are several mountain ranges with sub-alpine and alpine habitats at higher altitudes, and many wetlands.

Mongolia is a transition zone, where the flora and fauna of Siberia meet the very different species of the deserts and steppes of Central Asia.
The country can be divided into six basic natural zones, differing in climate, landscape, soil, flora and fauna.
"Mongolia is one of the important breeding and stopover sites for palearctic species. Breeding birds occur in many different habitats (from taiga forest through different steppes to Gobi desert including wetlands).

Migratory birds pass through Mongolia from Siberian Taiga to wintering grounds. It means that you will have a unique opportunity to see not only breeding Palearctic species but also migratory species during both breeding and migration seasons.

Untouched landscape and nomadic lifestyle give chance to discover a new species for the birds list of the country.

The peaceful country and friendly field company attract many birdwatchers to Mongolia. Through birdwatching and photographing trips you can help to develop a bird database of the country and educate young birdwatchers for the country".




TOUR I


EASTERN MONGOLIAN BIRD SPECIALTIES AND CRANES
16 Days
Bird Watching And Photography Tour From Siberian Taiga Forest To Vast Grassland Steppe In Eastern Mongolia
MAY 25 to JUNE 11

Mongolia is one of the hottest birding sites in Asia. You can see a variety of birds in different natural habitats during this trip driving through completely natural landscapes, from Siberian taiga forest to the steppe, in the country made famous by the Great Chinggis Khaan.

Drive natural habitats found in Mongolia with excellent company and professional guides for watching fantastic bird life and nomadic lifestyle. This tour will give you the opportunity to make your dreams come true and see raptors such as Saker falcon, Upland Buzzard, Amur falcon, also Siberian Rubythroat, Japanese Bunting, and Northern Parrotbill.






DAY 1. ARRIVE IN ULAANBAATAR CITY (25 May)

Guides and drivers will pick you up at the International Chingis Khaan airport after your arrival in Ulaanbaatar, which is the capital of Mongolia and check in a hotel in Ulaanbaatar. You will have a bit rest at the hotel. After a lunch (in case you arrive before lunch), will visit a gravel pond to see some common birds and possible Azure Tit, and White-crowned Penduline Tit. Will have a WEL- COME DINNER at one of the most famous restaurants in Ulaanbaatar and return to the hotel.
Food: Welcome dinner at a restaurant. Road: Total coverage 30 km on paved road.


DAY 2-3. TERELJ NATIONAL PARK (26-27 May)

After breakfast, we will drive to the northeast of Ulaanbaatar and reach Terelj river valley.

We will watch forest and forest steppe birds: Oriental Cuckoo, Hoopoe, Great spotted Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker, Willow Tit, Pine Bunting, Red-throated Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, Siberian Stonechat, Red-flanked Bluetail, Dusky War- bler, Greenish Warbler, Yellow-browed Warbler, Taiga Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Common Buzzard (japonicus).

There are two challenging species, Spotted Capercaillie and Chinese Bush Warbler.

Overnight in a tented camp near the river valley.
Food: Restaurant-Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 120 km on paved road.


DAY 4. ULAANBAATAR –CHOIBALSAN TOWN (28 May)

After breakfast, we will drive back to Ulaanbaatar to catch a domestic flight to Choibalsan the same day and next day depending on flight link.

We will land Choibalsan and check in a hotel and drive around Choibalsan town wetlands. You would not expect high standard hotel in this local town. Anyway it will have a hot water shower. We will see Citrine Wagtail (nominate, calcarata –Black backed Citrine Wagtail), Yellow-breasted Bunting, Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, Oriental Reed Warbler, Pallas’s Bunting, Eastern Marsh Harrier, Mongolian Gull, and White-naped Cranes.

Food: Restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 80 km on dust road.


DAY 5. MENEN STEPPE (29 May)

After breakfast, we will start our long journey to the eastern most point of Mongolia to get lake Buir. We will camp in open endless steppe. This is a chance to see unique open grass land in the country. On the way, we will see Asian Short-toed Lark, Greater Short-toed Lark, Mongolian Lark, Isabelline Wheatear, Upland Buzzard, Saker Falcon (rare), Steppe Eagle, possibly Oriental Plover depending on precipitation of the year.

Overnight in a tented camp in middle of steppe. Food: Restaurant-
Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp-Dinner. Road: Total coverage 200 km on dust road.


DAY 6. BUIR LAKE (30 May)

After breakfast, we will drive to the east pass throuhgh military checkpoint and reach Buir lake. We will see Horned Grebe, Little Grebe, several hundreds of Swan Goose, Spot-billed Duck, Wigeon, Pintail, Tufted Pochard, Hen Harrier, Eastern Marsh Harrier, Red-necked Stint, Little and Common Terns, a lots of Pallas’s Bun- ting, Great Cormorants and Black-faced Buntings. Possibly Relict Gull.

Overnight in a tented camp near the lake.
Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 150 km on dust road.



White-naped Crane
© Mongolica


DAY 7-8. KHALKH GOL/RIVER (31 May-01 June)

Drive to Khalkh gol town. We will set up our camp near Khalkh Gol river. We will see Grey-headed Lapwing, Chinese Grey Shrike (used to be breeding), Daurian Jackdaw, Black-faced Bunting, Dusky Warbler, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Azure-winged Magpie, Amur Falcon breeding colony, White-cheeked Starling, possibly Daurian Starling and unexpected migrants.

Overnight in a tented camp.
Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp-Lunch; Camp-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 110 km on dust road.


DAY 8-9. IKH TASHGAI LAKES (2-3 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to Ikh Tashgai lakes which saline lakes in the steppe with reed beds. We will spot Northern Reed Parrotbill, Japanese Bunting, Japanese Grassbird, Common Reed Bunting, Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, possibly Pied Har- rier, Siberian Crane, and White-naped Crane.
Overnight in a tented camp.
Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 120 km on dust road.


DAY 10. IKH TASHGAI LAKES-BUIR LAKE (4 June) All camping equipments (tent,

After breakfast, we will drive to back to Choibalsan town to catch our flight back to kitchen, cooking equipment, Ulaanbaatar. We will camp near Buir Lake which is the same Lake we were at 6th cook etc.) day. The same species of birds will be seen including Sand Martin nesting colony, and other waterfowl. On the way to the lake we will see Japanese Quail in large numbers. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp- Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on dust road.


DAY 11. MENEN STEPPE-STEPPE LAKES-CHOIBALSAN TOWN (5 June)

After breakfast, we will head back to Choibalsan town through small lakes where we can try again Relict Gull near lakes. Also wader species listed in the bird list. After birding around the lakes, we will drive to a Choibalsan town.

Overnight in a hotel.
Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage200 km on dust road.






DAY 12. CHOIBALSAN TOWN - ULAANBAATAR CITY - HUSTAI NP (6 June)

After breakfast, we will catch a flight to Ulaanbaatar city. Arrive in Ulaanbaatar then drive to Hustai NP.

Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 100 km on dust road.


DAY 13. HUSTAI NP (7 June)

Khustai Nuruu National Park is the place re-introduced Przewalski’s Wild Horse (Equus przewalskii) in the country. Golden Eagle, Saker Falcon, Cinereous Vulture, Himalayan Vulture, Meadow Bunting, Daurian Partridge, Amur Falcon, Eurasian Hobby, Booted Eagle, Daurian Jackdaws, Black Stork, and Isabelline Shrike. After this birding, we will drive to water point (spring) of the horses where they drink water, afternoon.

We will back to the National park restaurant and will have a dinner with Mongolian cold beer.

Overnight in ger camp.
Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 100 km on paved road.


DAY 14-15. HUSTAI NP-UGII LAKE (8-9 June)

After breakfast in the restaurant, we will head to west to get steppe lake (Tsegeen Lake) where can see some Ducks listed in the list. Pallas’s Reed Bunting, Asian Dowitcher, Citrine, White and Yellow Wagtails, Bar-headed Goose, Greylag Goose, Black and White-winged Terns.

We will reach to Ugii lake, which is the large fresh water lake and will have a lunch in local ger camp. After lunch 1 hour rest, we will start bird watching around the lake. We will see thousands of Swan Goose at south-western end of the lake. We will see Small Snowfinch, Ruddy Shelduck, Bar-headed, most possibly Dalmatian Pelican, Pintail, Shoveler, Common Goldeneye, Pochard, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Tern (longipennis), Mongolian Gull, Rock Sparrow etc...

This site is the highest opportunity to see Pallas’s Fish Eagle, White-tailed Eagle etc... After long time bird watching, we will back to ger camp and overnight there.

Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 300 km on paved road.



DAY 16. UGII LAKE-ULAANBAATAR CITY (10 June)

After breakfast we will drive back to Ulaanbaatar and check in a hotel. On the way, we will try to see Azure Tit, and White-crowned Penduline Tit in case we could not see it at the first day. Before dinner, we will go to some shops. We will have all together farewell dinner.

Overnight at a hotel.
Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 300 km on paved road.


DAY 17. DEPARTURE (11 June)

For early departing guests, transfer to Chingis Khaan International Airport.

Grey-headed Lapwing
Grey-headed Lapwing
© Mongolica



TOUR DATE: From May 25 to July 11, 2015
DURATION: 16 Days
PRICE PER PERSON: 2900$
GROUP SIZE: 4-12 persons
DEPOSIT: 290$
See terms & conditions online. Also download birdlist.
Included:
5 nights in reserved hotel
5 nights in tented camp near birding sites
6 nights in tourist ger camp
Local flights
All transportations by 4WD,
including petrol
Full board per day

Meals (Breakfast; Lunch; Dinner) and bottled water each day
Camel and horse trek
Organize city tour and shopping
Entrance fees to all NPs, museums, monasteries and cultural events
English speaking guide and bird watching and photography guide
Entrance fee to the protected areas, border permits
Road taxes
All expenses with nomadic families
Visa support invitation letter if necessary

Excluded:
International transportation
All types of insurance
Visas
Departure tax
Alcoholic drinks and items of personal nature
Binoculars, telescopes and tripods
Sleeping bags
Extra luggage



We can’t warranty:
Occasional flight delays or cancellations
Poor road conditions
Adverse weather conditions
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org | www.mongolica.org

CONTACT US:
Beren -50-58
Bayangol District,
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
P.O.B 836, Morning Post, Ulaanbaatar -17040
Bayangol District
Tel: 976-88180148, 976-99180148, 976-11-70110148,
E-mail: info@mongolica.org
http://www.mongolica.org Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org



Birding Pal Tours

Plan your next birdwatching trip
using a local professional Birdingpal guide...




If you are you an independent birdwatcher, who does not care for large group tours, then Birdingpaltours is for you.

Our tours are flexible, safe and the use of a local guide lets you participate in the planning.

A local guide knows all the hotspots and you get the most out of your trip.

You select the date and length for a trip to suit yourself.

If your time is limited, we’ll design a tour to fit your needs.

A professional Birdingpal guide can customize your tour, and you will see the birds you want.

our guide is also your travel companion, who will make sure you experience the native people, scenery, culture, history and food, first hand.

You will enjoy the advantage of all the attention you get in a small group, for the same price or perhaps even less, than you will pay if you travel with the large tour groups from other countries.

Remember, the next time you travel, you do not have to miss the birdwatching if your partner or travel companions are non birders; a local guide is flexible, and will easily accommodate other needs too.

Hiring a Birdingpal guide will boost the local economy and help protect birds other wildlife and their habitat.











TOUR 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MONGOLIA BIRDING IN SIBERIAN FOREST AND GOBI DESERT
12 Days
Saker Falcon
© Mongolica
Mongolia Bird Watching And Photographing Tours
For White-Naped Crane, Mongolian Accentor, Henderson’s Ground Jay And Altai Snowcock
From Siberian Taiga To The Gobi Desert
June 15 to 27 2015


Mongolia birding is one of the interesting holidays because it is located at the junction of World Migration Flyways connecting between Siberian breeders and East Asian winter visitors.

You can see a variety of birds in different natural habitats during this trip driving through completely natural landscapes, from Siberian taiga forest to the steppe and Gobi desert, in the country of Great Chinggis Khaan.
Drive natural habitats found in Mongolia with excellent company and professional guides for watching fantastic bird life and nomadic lifestyle.

This tour will give you the opportunity to make your dreams come true and see raptors such as Saker Falcon, Upland Buzzard, Amur Falcon, Henderson’s Ground Jay, and Saxaul Sparrow.


DAY 1. ARRIVE IN ULAANBAATAR CITY (15 June)

Guides and drivers will pick you up at the International Chingis Khaan airport after your arrival in Ulaanbaatar, which is the capital of Mongolia and check in a hotel in Ulaanbaatar. You will have a bit rest at the hotel.

After a lunch (in case you arrive before lunch), will visit gravel pond to see some common birds and possible Azure tit, and White-crowned Penduline Tit.

Will have a WELCOME DINNER at one of the most famous restaurant in Ulaanbaatar.

Food: Welcome dinner at a restaurant.
Road: Total coverage 30 km on paved road.



DAY 2-3. ULAANBAATAR-TERELJ (16-17 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to the east of the city to get Terelj forest and check in tourist ger camp near birding site. Just after arrived Terelj we will go birding. We will watch forest and forest steppe birds: Oriental Cuckoo, Eurasian Hoopoe, Great spotted Woodpecker, Willow Tit, Pine Bunting, Red-throated Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, Siberian Stonechat, White-cheeked Stral- ing, Dusky Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Yellow-browed Warbler, Taiga Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Com- mon Buzzard (japonicus), Blyth’s Pipit.

There are two challenging species, Chinese Bush Warbler and Black- billed Capercaillie depending on season of your visit. Next morning, we will drive to the east of our tourist camp to get riparian river forest. Try to find Three-toed Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Olive-backed Pipit, Common Rosefinch, Taiga Flycatcher in breeding plumage.

Overnight in a tourist ger camp near birding site.

Afternoon DAY3, we need to drive back to Ulaanbaatar to catch the flight to Dalanzadgad (Gobi Desert).

Food: City Hotel- Breakfast; Tourist Camp-Lunch; Tourist camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 80 km on paved and dust road.



Pine Bunting
© Mongolica


DAY 4. ULAANBAATAR-DALANZADGAD (18 June)

After breakfast, we will drive Chinggis Khaan airport to catch our flight to Dalanzadgad (Gobi Desert area). After landed in Dalanzadgad we will head to Gobi-Altai high mountain area (Yolyn am). We will check in domestic ger camp as close to birding site as possible. We will see Mongolian or Kozlov’s Accentor, Brown Accentor, Mon- golian Finch, Crag Martin, White-winged Snow Finch, Black Redstart, Saker Falcon, and Mongolian Finch, Godlewski’s Bunting, Bearded Vulture, Himalayan Vulture, and Beautiful Rosefinch.

Overnight in tourist ger camp.
Food: Restaurant-Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Ger camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 80 km on dust road.


DAY 5. GOBI-ALTAI HIGH MOUNTAIN (19 June) Included:

Very early, before sun rise we will move to the peak of high mountain to see Altai Snowcock, Bearded Vulture and Himalayan Vulture at close distance, Alpine Accentor. Afternoon, we will meet some crews near hill-side of the mountain and go to the site for Sulphur-bellied Warbler, Beautiful Rose Finch, Wallcreeper.

Overnight in tourist ger camp.
Food: Ger camp -Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Ger camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 30 km on dust road.


DAY 6. HIGH MOUNTAIN - SAXAUL FOREST (20 June) All transportations by 4WD,

After breakfast, we will drive to the west of the ger camp to get Saxaul Sparrow and including petrol Pallas’s Sandgrouse, Henderson’s Ground jay site. On the way, we will Desert Wheat-ear, Desert Warbler, Great Grey Shrike, Henderson’s Ground Jay, Pallas’s Sandgrouse, and possibly Long-legged Buzzard.

Then we will reach Saxaul forest area. We will overnight in tourist ger camp. It will be a long drive for this trip.
Food: Ger Camp- Breakfast; Ger Camp- Lunch; Ger Camp –Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 160 km on dust road.


DAY 7-8. SAXAUL FOREST-DUNDSAIKHAN MOUNTAIN-DALANZADGAD (21-22 June)

After breakfast, we will watch Saxaul Sparrow, Isabelline Shrike and Great Grey Shrike, possibly Long-legged Buzzard in the forest. Afternoon, we will drive back to Dalanzadgad town. On the way, we will have a chance to check couple of sites for missing species. Possibly overnight in tented camp.

Overnight in ger camp or tented camp near Dalanzadgad town.
Food: Ger Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp or Ger Camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 200 km on dust road.



DAY 9. DALANZADGAD-ULAANBAATAR-HUSTAI NP (23 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to the south to get flight to Ulaanbaatar city. After landed in Ulaanbaatar, we will drive to the west of the city to get Hustai NP, that is the place re-introduced Przewalski’s Wild Horse (Equus przewalskii) in the country. Before to reach Hustai, we will check few sites for Black Storks, Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush, Azure Tit, White-crowned Penduline Tit, and Rock Sparrow.
Overnight in a local tourist ger camp.
Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Ger Camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 130 km on dust road.



DAY 10. HUSTAI NP (24 June)

After breakfast, we will have a birding: Golden Eagle, Saker Falcon, Cinereous Vulture, Himalayan Vulture, Meadow Bunting, Daurian Partridge, Amur Falcons, Eurasian Hobby, Booted Eagle, Daurian Jackdaws, Black Stork, and Isabelline Shrike, Mongolian Lark and Meadow Bunting. After this birding, we will drive to water point (spring) of the horses where they drink water, afternoon. We will back to the National park restaurant and will have a dinner with Mongolian cold beer.

Overnight in ger camp.
Food: City restaurant- Breakfast; Tourist Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant- Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 100 km on paved road.



DAY 11. UGII LAKE (25 June)

After breakfast in the restaurant, we will head to west to get steppe lake (Tsegeen Lake) where can see some Ducks listed in the list. Pallas’s Reed Bunting, Asian Dowitcher, Citrine, White and Yellow Wagtails, Bar-headed Goose, Grey-lag Goose, Black and White-winged Terns.

After birding around the lake, we will get Ugii lake which is one of the fresh water steppe lakes in Central Mongolia. After few minutes rest, we will start bird watching around the lake. We will see thousands of Swan Goose at south-western end of the lake. We will see Small Snowfinch, Ruddy Shelduck, Bar- headed Goose, most possibly Dalmatian Pelican, Pintail, Northern Shoveler, Common Goldeneye, Pochard, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Tern (longipennis), Mongolian Gull, Rock Sparrow, Small Snowfinch, Mongolian Lark etc...

This site is the highest opportunity to see Pallas’ Fish Eagle, Relict Gull, White-tailed Eagle etc... After long time bird watching, we will back to ger camp and overnight there.

Food: Ger camp- Break-fast; Ger camp- Lunch; Ger camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 300 km on paved road.





DAY 12. UGII LAKE-ULAANBAATAR (26 June)

Afternoon, we will drive back to Ulaanbaatar and will get the city afternoon. You will have a free time to go some shops if you wish. We will have Farewell Dinner all together at the Restaurant.


DAY 13. DEPARTURE (27 June)

Transfer to Chingis Khaan International Airport.

Pallas’s Sandgrouse
© Mongolica


TOUR DATE: From June 15th to June 27th, 2015
DURATION: 12 Days
PRICE PER PERSON: 2900$
GROUP SIZE: 4-12 persons
DEPOSIT: 290$

See terms & conditions online and download our birdlist.

Included:
3 nights in reserved hotel
1-2 nights in tented camp near birding sites
7-8 nights in tourist ger camps
Full board per day
English speaking guide
Meals (Breakfast; Lunch; Dinner) and bottled water each day
Camel and horse trek
Organize city tour and shopping
Entrance fees to all NPs, museums, monasteries and cultural events
English speaking guide and bird watching and photography guide
Permits of the protected areas,restricted border areas
All camping equipments (tent, kitchen, cooking equipment, cook etc.)
Road taxes
All expenses with nomadic families
Visa support invitation letter if necessary
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org | www.mongolica.org

Excluded:
International transportation
All types of insurance
Visas
Departure tax
Alcoholic drinks and items of a personal nature
Binoculars, telescopes and tripods
Sleeping bags
Extra luggage
Optional tours
We can’t warranty:
Occasional flight delays or cancellations
Poor roads conditions
Items of personal nature
Adverse weather conditions
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org

CONTACT US:
Beren -50-58
Bayangol District,
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
P.O.B 836, Morning Post, Ulaanbaatar -17040
Bayangol District
Tel: 976-88180148, 976-99180148, 976-11-70110148,
E-mail: info@mongolica.org
http://www.mongolica.org Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org

Saker Falcon
© Mongolica



© Mongolica






TOUR III


WESTERN MONGOLIAN BIRDS
13 Days
White-headed Duck
© Mongolica
Bird Watching And Photography Tour
From Largest Freshwater Lakes To Mongolian Altai Mountain In The Western Mongolia
June 12 to June 25


Mongolia is one of the hottest birding sites in the East. You can see a variety of birds in different natural habitats during this trip driving through completely natural landscapes, from Siberian taiga forest to the steppe, in the country made famous by the Great Chingis Khaan.


Drive natural habitats found in Mongolia with excellent company and professional guides for watching fantastic bird life and nomadic lifestyle.


This tour will give you the opportunity to make your dreams come true and see raptors such as Saker Falcon, Upland Buzzard, Amur Falcon, Pallas’s fish-eagle also Siberian Rubythroat, Asian Rosy Finch, and White-headed Yellow Wagtail.





DAY 1. ARRIVE IN ULAANBAATAR CITY (12 June)

Guides and drivers will pick you up at the International Chingis Khaan airport after your arrival in Ulaanbaatar, which is the capital of Mongolia and check a hotel in in Ulaanbaatar. You will have a bit rest at the hotel. After a lunch (in case you arrive before lunch), will visit a gravel pond to see some common birds and possible Azure tit, and White-crowned Penduline Tit.

We will have a WEL-COME DINNER at one of the most famous restaurants in Ulaanbaatar and return to the hotel.

Food: Welcome dinner at a restaurant.
Road: Total coverage 30 km on paved road.


DAY 2. HUSTAI NP (13 June)

After breakfast, we will start and drive to Khustai Nuruu National Park, that is the place re-introduced Przewalski’s Wild Horse (Equus przewalskii) in the country. Golden Eagle, Saker Falcon, Cinereous Vulture, Himalayan Vulture, Meadow Bunting, Daurian Partridge, Amur Falcons, Eurasian Hobby, Booted Eagle, Daurian Jack- daws, Black Stork, and Isabelline Shrike, Mongolian Lark and Meadow Bunting.

After this birding, we will drive to water point (spring) of the horses where they drink water, afternoon. We will back to the National park restaurant and will have a dinner with Mongolian cold beer.

Overnight in ger camp.
Food: City restaurant- Breakfast; Tourist Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 100 km on paved road.


DAY 3-4. UGII LAKE (14-15 June)

After breakfast in the restaurant, we will head to the west to get steppe lake (Tse geen Lake) where can see some Ducks listed in the list. Pallas’s Reed Bunting, Asian Dowitcher, Citrine, White and Yellow Wagtails, Bar-headed Goose, Gray-lag Goose, Black and White-winged Terns.

After birding around the lake, we will get Ugii lake which is one of the freshwater steppe lakes in Central Mongolia. After a few minutes rest, we will start bird watching around the lake. We will see thousands of Swan Goose at the southwestern end of the lake. We will see Ruddy Shelduck, Bar-head- ed, most possibly Pelican, Pintail, Northern Shoveler, Common Goldeneye, Pochard, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Tern (longipennis), Mongolian Gull, Rock Sparrow, Small Snowfinch, Mongolian Lark, etc....

This site is the highest opportunity to see Pallas’ Fish Eagle, Relict Gull, White-tailed Eagle, etc... After long time bird watching, we will back to ger camp and overnight there. We will drive back to Ulaanbaatar city afternoon.

Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Tourist ger camp- Lunch; Tourist ger camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 300 km on paved road.




DAY 5. KHOVD (16 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to the airport to get domestic flight to Khovd town. We will arrive in Khovd town and check in a hotel. If we have a time we will search around town to get some species including Pied Wagtail (M.alba personata), Black Kite (black-eared, linaetus). Search for a species in planted trees near town to get late migrants. We will get back to the hotel. The town hotel is not high standard like Ulaanbaatar city and European countries.

Food: Hotel - Breakfast; Local hotel - Lunch; Local hotel -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 1500 km by local airplane.




DAY 6-7. KHOVD TOWN- KHAR US LAKE (17-18 June)

After breakfast, we will start to drive to Khar-Us Lake, which is one of the largest freshwater lakes in western Mongolia. We will see Common Black-headed Gull, Pallas’s Gull, Mongolian Gull, Common Tern, Gull-billed Tern, Great Reed Warbler, Savi’s Warbler, Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, Citrine Wagtail, Yellow Wagtail (leucocephala), possibly Bluethroat, Common and Rosy Starlings, Common Reed Bunting, Common Sand Martin, possible Pale Sand Martin (Riparia diluta), Dalmatian Pelican from long distance, White-headed Duck, Great White Egret etc...

We will drive back to town centre to stay in the local hotel that we checked in.
Food: Local Restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local Restaurant - Dinner.

Road: Total coverage 100 km on dust road.





DAY 8-9. KHAR-US –JARGALANT KHAIRKHAN MOUNTAIN (19-20 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to the high mountain near the lake to get high mountain species. We will see Greater Sand Plover, Mongolian Finch, Twite, Black Red- start, Pied Wheatear, Hume’s Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Sulphur-bellied Warbler, Lesser Whitethroat (blythi), Lesser Kestrel, Bearded Vulture, Cinereous Vulture, Great Rose Finch, Chukar, and possibly Altai Snowcock (very little chance).


Overnight in a tented camp near a spring.
Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 120 km on dust road.



DAY 10. BURGEDTEI KHALZAN UUL (Mongol -Altai Mountain Range) (21 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to the west of the mountain to get another high moun- tain. We will search for Hodgson’s Bushchat, Asian Rosyfinch, Brown Accentor, Rock Ptarmigan (difficult species to locate), Mongolian Finch, Pied Wheatear, Black Red- start, White winged Snow-finch, Mongolian Finch, Twite etc...

Overnight in a tented camp.
Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 115 km on dust road.



Demoiselle Crane
© Mongolica




Day 11. KHOVD-ULAANBAATAR-TERELJ (22 June)

We will stay at a local hotel. We will fly to Ulaanbaatar to get Siberian boreal forest.
Afternoon, we will drive to Terelj area.

Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 1500 km on aircraft, 100 km km on paved road.



Pallas’s Fish Eagle
© Mongolica




DAY 12-13. TERELJ NP (23-24 June)

After breakfast, we will watch forest and forest steppe birds: Oriental Cuckoo, Hoopoe, Great spotted Woodpecker, Black Woodpecker, Great Tit, Willow Tit, Pine Bunting, Red-throated Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, Siberian Stonechat, Red-flanked Bluetail, Dusky Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Yellow-browed Warbler, Taiga Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Common Buzzard (japonicus). There are two challenging spe- cies, Chinese Bush Warbler and Red-flanked Bluetail.

Overnight in a tourist ger camp.
Food: Restaurant-Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Crew will prepare a dinner (national food) near river.
Road: Total coverage 100 km on paved and dust roads.



DAY 14. DEPARTURE (25 June)

Transfer to Chinggis Khaan International Airport.


TOUR DATE: From June 12 to June 25, 2015
PRICE PER PERSON: 2950$
DURATION: 13 Days
GROUP SIZE: 4-12 persons
DEPOSIT: 295$

Included:
5 nights in reserved hotels
3 nights in tented camp near birding sites
5 nights in tourist ger camps
Transport in the country and terminal transfer
All transportations by 4WD, including petrol
Full board per day
English speaking guide
Meals (Breakfast; Lunch; Dinner) and bottled water each day
Camel and horse trek
Organize city tour and shopping
Entrance fees to all National
Parks, museums, monasteries and cultural events
English speaking guide and bird watching and photography guide
Entrance fee to the protected areas, border permits
All camping equipments (tent, kitchen, cooking equipment, cook etc.)
Road taxes
All expenses with nomadic families
Visa support invitation letter if necessary
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org


See terms & conditions online and download our Bird List.
Excluded:
International transportation
All types of insurance
Visas
Departure tax
Alcoholic drinks and items of a personal nature
Binoculars, telescopes and tripods
Sleeping bags
Extra luggage
Optional tours
We can’t warranty:
Occasional flight delays or cancellations
Poor roads conditions
Items of personal nature
Adverse weather conditions
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org

CONTACT US:
Beren -50-58
Bayangol District,
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
P.O.B 836, Morning Post, Ulaanbaatar -17040
Bayangol District
Tel: 976-88180148, 976-99180148, 976-11-70110148,
E-mail: info@mongolica.org
http://www.mongolica.org
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org



© Mongolica



© Mongolica



© Mongolica



© Mongolica








TOUR IV Raptor Watching Tour In Mongolia
8 Days

Upland Buzzard
© Mongolica
Raptor Watching And Photography Tour
From Siberian Taiga Through Central Asian Steppe In Mongolia
May to Sept

Mongolia is one of the hottest birding sites in the East. You can see a variety of birds in different natural habitats during this trip driving through completely natural landscapes, from Siberian taiga forest to the steppe, in the country made famous by the Great Chinggis Khaan. Drive natural habitats found in Mongolia with excellent company and professional guides for watching fantastic bird life and nomadic lifestyle.

This tour will give you the opportunity to make your dreams come true and see raptors such as Saker Falcon, Upland Buzzard, Amur Falcon, also Steppe Eagle, and Pallas’s Fish-Eagle.



DAY 1. ARRIVE IN ULAANBAATAR CITY (11 June)

Guides and drivers will pick you up at the International Chinggis Khaan airport after your arrival in Ulaanbaatar, which is the capital of Mongolia and check in a hotel in Ulaanbaatar. You will have a bit rest at the hotel.

After a lunch (in case you arrive before lunch), will visit a gravel pond to see some common birds and possible Azure tit, and White-crowned Penduline Tit. Will have a WEL- COME DINNER at one of the most famous restaurants in Ulaanbaatar and return to the hotel.
Food: Welcome dinner at a restaurant.
Road: Total coverage 30 km on paved road.





DAY 2-3. HUSTAI NP (12-13 June)

After breakfast, we will start and drive to Khustai Nuruu National Park, that is the place re-introduced Przewalski’s Wild Horse (Equus przewalskii) in the country. Golden Eagle, Saker Falcon, Cinereous Vulture, Hima- layan Vulture, Common Kestrel, Amur Falcon, Eurasian Hobby, Booted Eagle, and Black Kite. All these species are breeding in the protected area.

We will see a nesting Cinereous Vulture, Common Kestrel, Amur Falcon (only in July), Black Kite, Eurasian Hobby and Upland Buzzard at 50 m distance.

Sometimes, we can find 100 Cinereous Vultures and few Himalayan Vultures on a fresh carcass together. At meantime, we will see Meadow Bunting, Daurian Partridge, Daurian Jackdaw, Black Stork, Isabelline Shrike, Mongolian Lark and Meadow Bunting. After this birding, we will drive to water point (spring) of the horses where they drink water, afternoon.

We will back to the National park restaurant and will have a dinner with Mongolian cold beer.
Overnight in tourist ger camp. Food: City restaurant- Breakfast; Tourist Camp- Lunch; Local tourist camp restaurant-Dinner. Road: Total coverage 100 km on paved road.




DAY 4. UGII LAKE (14 June)

After breakfast in the restaurant, we will head to west to get steppe lake where can see some water birds and waders listed in the list. In the lake valley, we will see Eastern Marsh Harrier breeding here, on the way to the next large lake we will see Upland Buzzard, Steppe Eagle in different age and plumage, possible Long-legged Buzzard (it is rare but occasionally were seen here) and we will hit large fresh water lake, called Ugii Lake. Afternoon, birding around the lake to find Pallas’s Fish Eagle, and White-tailed Eagle. Next morning, after breakfast, we will drive around the lake to see the two raptors in clear view. In and at the lake, we will see thousands of Swan Goose at south-western end of the lake.

We will see Ruddy Shelduck, Bar-headed, most possibly Dalmatian Pelican, Pintail, Northern Shoveler, Common Goldeneye, Pochard, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Tern (longipennis), Mongolian Gull, Rock Sparrow, Small Snowfinch, Mongolian Lark etc...

Overnight in tourist ger camp.
Food: Local restaurant- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Tourist ger camp -Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 300 km on paved road and dust road.





DAY 5. UGII LAKE-–KHAR KHORIN –ERDENESANT (15 June)

After breakfast, we will head to Kharkhorin town and drive through the town and will get Erdenesant mountain, which large cliffs and granite rocks pillars. We will see Bearded Vulture, Saker Falcon, Himalayan Vulture, Lesser Kestrel, and Golden and Steppe Eagles. Overnight in a tourist ger camp.

Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local restaurant-Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 200 km on paved road.



DAY 6. ERDENESANT-ULAANBAATAR-TERELJ (16 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to the east of the ger camp to get Ulaanbaatar and drive through Ulaanbaatar and reach Terelj boreal forest. We will check in tourist ger camp near birding site. We will see Common Buzzard (japonicus), try to find Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Northern Goshawk, and Steppe Eagle nests. Meantime, we will see Olive-backed Pipit, Pine Bunting, Lesser Whitethroat, Common Rosefinch, Taiga flycatcher, Yellow-browed Warbler, and Red-throated Thrush. Overnight in a local tourist ger camp.

Food: Camp- Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Local ger camp restaurant- Dinner.
Road: Total coverage 280 km on paved road.




DAY 7-8. CHOIR MOUNTAIN (17-18 June)

After breakfast, we will drive to Choir Mountain, which is high rocky mountain massif in the middle of the steppe. Breeding Steppe Eagle, Golden Eagle, Upland Buzzard and Cinereous Vultures are common in this region. Eurasian Eagle-owl, Little Owl, and Lesser Kestrel, ground nesting Upland Buzzard, and Cinereous Vulture nest on cliffs. We will drive around Choir mountain and surrounding areas. Overnight in tented camp sheltered by high cliffs. Afternoon we will drive back to Ulaanbaatar and check in a hotel. We will prepare traditional Mongolian meal, Khorkhog using simple hot rocks, mutton and vegetables. Food: Ger camp - Breakfast; Camp- Lunch; Camp -Dinner. Road: Total coverage 280 km on paved road. DAY 9. DEPARTURE (19 June) For early departing guests, transfer to Chinggis Khaan International Airport. End of our services in Mongolia.


Golden Eagle
© Mongolica


Included:
2 nights in reserved hotels
2 nights in tented camp near birding sites
4 nights in tourist ger camps
TOUR DATE: From May to September
PRICE PER PERSON: 1950$
DURATION: 8 Days
GROUP SIZE: 4-12 persons
DEPOSIT: 195$

See terms & conditions online. Download birdlist.
Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org | www.mongolica.org

Bearded Vulture
© Mongolica
Amur Falcon
© Mongolica

CONTACT US:
Beren -50-58
Bayangol District,
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
P.O.B 836, Morning Post, Ulaanbaatar -17040
Bayangol District
Tel: 976-88180148, 976-99180148, 976-11-70110148,
E-mail: info@mongolica.org
http://www.mongolica.org Mongolica Co.Ltd | 976-99180148; 976-88180148 | info@mongolica.org| www.mongolica.org



Due to currency fluctuations and fuel cost we reserve the right to adjust any pricing prior to departure.



Included:
Transport in the country and terminal transfer. Meals (breakfast B, lunch L, dinner D). Camel and horse trek. Organize city tour and shopping. Museums and national entertainment. English speaking guide and bird watching guide. Entrance fee to the protected areas. All camping materials (sleeping bag, kitchen, cooking equipment, cook etc.)
Excluded:
International transportation, Travel insurance, Visas, Departure tax, Alcoholic drinks and items of personal nature.


Notes:
All the date of itineraries include arrival and departure dates.
All trips are available year round, but prices may be adjusted around special holidays.
Minimum lead time 2 month.
To check availability for tours on short notice, fill out “Request for Quote” form with desirable dates.

Birding season: For migratory species in April-early May and end of August-September. For breeding birds in May-June. For resident or wintering birds (winter visitors) in December-February.
Fitness:
We will camp in tents close by bird watching areas and some time drive at long distance by dirt road over the steppe and mountains.
Equipment: Could you bring own cameras, telescopes, binoculars, bird guide books and personal equipments (battery charger, notebook etc…). Car invertor (car battery 12V to 220V) is available during the trip.


Send a quick message to Gomboo.   

Birding guide Gombobaatar (Gomboo), your local Birdingpal guide

Dr. Sundev Gombobaatar, Founder and President of the Mongolian Ornithological Society. Since 1999, he has worked at the Mongolian Ornithological Society as a Director General. He has written several books relating to biodiversity and birds in Mongolian and English. Please, check the at www.mos.mn.
Gomboo got Ph.D. degree at the National University of Mongolia and completed his post doctorate programme in Israel (Ben Gurion University and International Birding and Research Centre, Eilat). He has been leading the following projects not only bird watching but also bird research and conservation in the country in order to educate a new generation of ornithologists and to conserve rare birds and their habitats.
2008-2012. Biodiversity Data Bank Manager and Coordinator of the Regional Redlist of Birds, and Medicinal Plants in Mongolia supported by Dutch Government (NEMO-2), World Bank, Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism, Mongolia. 2009-2011. National team leader of the “Avian influenza and bird migration in Mongolia” funded by OIE, Japan. 2008-2009. Supervisor of the “A risk assessments of high power electric line in Mongolia” funded by the Asia Research Centre, Korean Foundation for Advanced Studies, South Korea. 2008-2009. Supervisor of the “The assessment of high risk utility lines and conservation of the globally threatened pole-nesting steppe raptors in Mongolia” funded by the Oriental Bird Club, UK. 2007-2008. Supervisor of the “Taxonomy, biology and ecology of Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius in Mongolia” funded by the Asian Research Centre, Korean Foundation for Advanced Studies, South Korea. 2007-2008. Co-supervisor of the “Mitigating raptor electrocutions in” funded by IBRC, Eilat, Israel, Lynette International Foundation, UK and EDM International, Inc USA etc… He has been organizing and guiding the bird watching tours in the country for world known bird watchers for last 11 years. Gomboo speaks English, Russian and Mongolian-native. More information about Gomboo and his involvement of birding tours for the Society is available at www.mos.mn.
His interesting initiative for birding in Mongolia very near future will be the traveling from the most north to the most south point of the country covering all natural zones and habitats near future. More information is available at www.mos.mn or email to him. You can partly join in the trip.
Birding guide Uugan Uuganbauar, your local Birdingpal guide

Ch.Uuganbayar (Uugan) is a lecturer of Biology-Eco tourism Department, School of Nature Science Mongolian State University of Agriculture. He is a member of the Mongolian Ornithological Society. He has also published numerous publications and papers relating to wildlife in Mongolia. He has also been organizing and guiding the bird watching tours in the country for last 7 years. Uugan speaks English, Russian and Mongolian-native. More information about Uugan and his involvement of birding tours for the Society is available at www.mos.mn.
Birding guide Amartuvshin (Amaraa) your local Birdingpal guide

P.Amartuvshin (Amaraa), a manager of the bird watching devision of the Mongolian Ornithological Society. He finished his M.Sc. degree on “Impacts of power lines on the bird’s mortality and retrofitting measures” at the Ornithological Laboratory of National University of Mongolia in 2010. He has also been guiding bird watching tours in the country for last 3 years. Amaraa speaks English and Mongolian-native. More information about Amaraa and his involvement of birding tours for the Society is available at www.mos.mn.


Testimonials.

Last year, we (11 participants from Germany) had a wonderful birdwatching tour in central Mongolia (24 days, 3 cars, 2400 km, more than 200 bird species). Dr. Sundev Gombobaatar was our professional birdwatching guide. He is an excellent ornithologist and was a good guide (dependable, hardworking, astute, punctual). Bernd Nicolai. nicolai(AT)halberstadt.de Museum Heineanum, Halberstadt, Germany www.heineanum.de

Some facts about Mongolia.

Mongolia (known historically as ‘Outer Mongolia’ and known as the ‘Mongolian People’s Republic’ during the communist period 1924 to 1992) is a large upland country in northern Central Asia, lying between the south of eastern Siberia and northern China. It is c. 2,400 km across from east to west and is c. 1,250 km from north to south at its widest point. It covers an area of 1,564,100 km2 and in 1998 had a population of 2.4 million people, with more than 1 million living in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The country is mountainous, with about 60% of the surface lying between 1,000–2,000 m (above sea level), and just 15% below 1,000 m. Mongolia contains a great array of natural habitats and associated flora and fauna. Moving just a few hundred kilometres from north to south, the landscape is seen to change from the forested mountains of the southern reaches of the Siberian taiga, to the barren Gobi desert. From west to east, the landscape changes from mountainous terrain to vast plains. The main vegetation zones encompass mountain taiga (4% of the projected surface area), the alpine belt (3%), forest steppe (mountain forest steppe, 25%), dry steppe (26%), desert steppe (semi-desert, 27%), and desert (15%).
Mongolia has a markedly continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers. The country averages about 260 cloudless days a year, and it is usually at the centre of a region of high atmospheric pressure. There are large diurnal and annual variations in temperature, low relative humidity and low precipitation, of which approximately 70% falls during the summer (June/July – early September).

More facts about Mongolia.

Guide books and CD’s recommended:

Gombobaatar, S. A photographic guide to the birds of Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 2010. (In English)
Gombobaatar, S. A dictionary of vertebrate animals of Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 2010. (In English)
Gombobaatar, S., A.Braunlich, Sh. Boldbaatar. (2011). Birds of Mongolia: A field guide to the birds of Mongolia. A&C Black Helm. London, UK (in press).
Flint, V.E., Boehme, R.L., Kostin, Y.V., Kuznetzov, A.A. (1984). Birds of Russia and adjacent territories. Princeton University Press.
Mackinnon, J., and Phillipps, K. (2000). A field guide to the birds of China. Oxford University Press. New York. p.93.
Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia. A&C Black Helm. London, UK




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